Hip Impingement which is commonly known as Femora cetabular impingement (FAI) is a condition in which extra bone grows along one or both of the bones that form the hip joint giving the bones an irregular shape. Over time this friction can damage the joint, causing pain and limiting activity. The hip is a ball and socket joint. Hip Impingement is a condition in which there is an abnormal and wearing contact between the ball and socket joint during the hip movement which may result in which it may result in the increased frictional activity and may cause severe damage and pain.
There are two main types of hip impingement in common and they are
- Cam impingement
- Pincer impingement
Cam impingement occurs mainly by which a ball shaped end of the bone which is present at the femur (femoral head) in the hip is not perfectly round. This affects the smooth movement of the hip muscles and causes severe pain.
Pincer impingement involves excessive coverage of the femoral head by the acetabulum. With hip flexion motion, the neck of the femur bone bumps or impinges on the rim of the deep socket. This results in cartilage and labral damage. There is a condition in which both the impingement occurs which is known as Cam and Pincer impingement or combined impingement.
Causes are as follows. Hip impingement may be caused by a misshapen femoral head, deformed femoral neck, or a hip socket that covers too much of the femoral head. Over time, repetitive bumping or impingement of the femur on the rim of the acetabulum leads to cartilage and labral damage. In the early stages, there may be no symptoms associated with hip impingement or symptoms may be mild or vague. Some typical symptoms include:
Stiffness in the thigh, hip, or groin and the inability to flex the hip beyond a right angle is important symptoms. Then the third one is pain in the groin area, particularly after the hip has been flexed such as after running or jumping or even extended periods sitting down. Pain in the hip, groin, or lower back is that can occur at rest as well as during activity. An accurate diagnosis in the hip impingement may be crucial but if left untreated it may lead to many effects. So they can be diagnosed by the following ways.
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
- Computed tomography (CT)
Hip impingement treatments are giving in great way by professional doctors Treatment for hip impingement should begin with the follow strategies. Resting the affected hip and modifying your activities to avoid moving the joint in a way that causes pain. Exercising as recommended by your doctor or physical therapist to strengthen the muscles that support the hip. Taking anti-inflammatory and pain a medication is also one method. If these treatments do not work then surgery is the best way for this. Visit the https://nydnrehab.com/what-we-treat/hip-pain/fai/ to know more info about the hip impingement and its treatments.