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The Role of Optometrist in Eye Care The first contact for ocular conditions is the optometrist. The optometrist is the link between the patient and an ophthalmologist. In the practice of ophthalmology and alleviating vision loss for those in most need, the realization of the impact of uncorrected refractive error has provide optometry to play a major part. In integrating optometry for prevention of blindness, they play an important role. The major providers of vision correction have been the optometrists. An optometrist in clinical practice examines the degree and nature of eye problems and diseases. Of a patient they take the medical history and note down their visual needs. The second leading cause of treatable blindness is uncorrected refractive error. Optometrists usually play a major role in correcting refractive errors. They perform various eye tests to children and adults. They provide low vision aids, vision therapy and rehabilitation to correct and conserve vision in patients with subnormal vision.
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The amount of deviation of the eyes they assess and measure . To determine the depth perception, ocular motility disorders and the ability to focus and coordinate eyes they also perform tests. The first person to diagnose glaucoma can be an optometrist after checking the intra ocular pressure. The first one a patient concerned about their vision can visit is a community optometrist. Apart from correcting refractive errors they supervise dispensing of prescriptions for corrective glasses also. By fitting prosthetic lenses or cosmetic shells, optometrists provide cosmetic support to patients who have disfigured eyes.
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An optometrist will examine the eyes of a patient, test their sight and give advice on visual problems. When need be they also prescribe and fit spectacles or contact lenses. Different types of optometrists are there. High street company optometrists are there who carry out eye examinations, give advice on eye problems, and prescribe spectacles or contact lenses. Hospital or clinic optometrists are there. These ones work alongside ophthalmologists to treat and manage patients with a range of eye conditions. Laboratory or university optometrists are the last group. Usually, they are undertaking research into diseases treatments that can help improve or restore eye sight. Optometrists usually liaise with other medical practitioners and at times share the care of patients with chronic ophthalmic conditions or write referral letters to other doctors. They also examine patients’ eyes to detect signs of injury, disease, abnormality or vision defects. Aware of the signs and symptoms of other general health conditions such as diabetes, they should be so that they can understand eye problems that are related to them. There has been an increasing demand for optometrists to become an ideal foil for ophthalmologist so as to provide the best eye care for the people with visual disabilities.